Honey bees are somewhat variable in color
but are some shade of black, brown or brown intermixed
with yellow. They have dense hairs on the pronotum and
sparser hair on the abdomen. Microscopically, at least
some of the body hairs of bees (Apoidea) are branched
(pumose). The abdomen often appears banded. Larvae are
legless grubs, white in color.
Worker bees are generally not aggressive (defensive)
during foraging or swarming activities. However, when
the hive contains developing larvae and pupae, they
(particularly Africanized honey bees) will aggressively
attack intruders to defend their colony.
When worker honey bees sting they leave the barbed
stinger in the skin with the poison sac still attached.
Each bee can only sting once, and this is fatal for the
bee. Stings should be removed promptly to prevent
injection of additional venom. Scrape the sting and
poison sac away with a knife or fingernail in such a
way as to avoid slapping or pinching the poison sac
because this will inject additional poison into the